It’s true, ICT is unstable as it is forever changing. That’s why we have to have a ‘learn how to learn’ approach when dealing with ICT. However, this is deemed difficult as it requires individuals to overcome their mindset; their conceptual understanding of digital technology, ultimately making it difficult to learn something new.
In relation to cognitive science, there are five key factors that can assist an individual to overcome such conceptual understandings, which can be applied to comprehending and using ICT:
- Constructing own understanding based on prior knowledge, experiences, skills, attitudes and beliefs. The individual is encouraged to explore and compare during this phase.
- Following a learning cycle of exploration, concept information and application.
- Connecting and visualising concepts and multiple representations.
- Discussing and interacting with others, in relation to new concepts.
- Reflecting on progress and assessing performance.
In addition, using computers (an ICT) to build external representations are powerful and engaging methods for fostering and assessing conceptual change. Therefore, by creating external models and representations, which allows individuals to view, discuss, test and modify their understanding and enhance ICT skills will assist in comprehending digital technology. An excellent ICT application that is super easy to use to create such external models and representations is Gliffy.
Bransford, J., Brown, A., & Cocking, R. (2000). How people learn: brain, mind, experience, and school. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.